THE REMARKABLE SPREAD OF THE RESTORATION
AND THE KEY TO ITS SUCCESS
Jon Gary Williams
This article accompanies useful information found on brother
Williams website given at the closing of this article.
DEBATE REPORTS PRESERVED, DATING BACK TO 1900
In the late 1700s and on into the 1800s, there arose people
from within religious denominational ranks who saw the need for
rejecting the man-made doctrines and practices that divided them.
Their desire was to go all the way back to the New Testament
pattern of the church and restore it to its original, unadulterated
state. Throughout the 1800s and into the 1900s, the efforts of
these few grew into a rapidly spreading restoration movement. The
many errors of man-made religions were being exposed
doctrines such as total depravity (babies are born in sin), infant
baptism, special election (God selects those to be saved), the
saved can never be lost (once saved, always saved), sprinkling for
baptism, salvation by faith alone and a host of other unscriptural
Many, upon discovering these errors, were abandoning these
denominational teachings to become a part of the restored
church of Christ (Rom. 16:16). It was a unique experience
to be a part of the church as it existed in the first century.
People were realizing they could be Christians without being
attached to any denomination. The call to be united in the one true
church was resonating far and wide. How wonderful it was for them
to belong to Christs church as it was in the very beginning
to be added to it upon their obedience to the Gospel of
Christ and to work and worship according to the pattern of the New
Testament. As we reflect upon this amazing restoration story, we
are made to realize how truly blessed we are today to have the good
fortune in this century of belonging to the church Jesus
established so long ago. This is a treasure beyond our dreams. We
should be ever thankful for the efforts of those dedicated
Christians who went before us to help restore Christs church.
Now consider a question. What made it possible for the
Lords church to be restored and expand so rapidly? The answer,
of course, lies in the fact that plain, Biblical truths were being
expounded and people could see the difference between what the
Scriptures teach about the church and what the vast array of
denominations were advocating.
Yet, how was this teaching being accomplished? And herein
lies the key to why the restoration was so successful. The answer
involves one key ingredient: religious debates!
From its beginning, the restoration plea was built largely
upon religious discussions debates which regularly engaged
preachers of the various denominations. In these debates people
were being exposed to truths about the Lords church which they
had never before heard. Gospel preachers considered these debates
as pulpits platforms from which they could explain to their
audiences the distinctive nature of the church as found in the
Scriptures. In these arenas of discussion, people were able to
distinguish between their religious affiliations and the one true
New Testament church. From the mid-nineteenth and into the
twentieth century, the positive effect of these debates was
immense, opening the door for more and more people to learn about
the Lords church.
A TREASURE CHEST OF RESTORATION HISTORY
In 1989, an old friend and Gospel preacher passed on to me a
large collection of 5x8 cards containing hand-written notes. These
cards had been given to him several years earlier by a yet older
preacher. My friend, being well up in years at the time, gave the
collection to me in hopes that I might make use of them. He gave me
no details about the collection in general, nor did he give me the
name of the brother who produced these old documents. I initially
made no real effort to examine the cards, assuming them to be an
old collection of sermon or class notes of some kind, so I stored
them away with plans of someday taking a closer look.
HOW MANY DEBATES WERE THERE?
As we all know, time flies! Twenty years later, while
cleaning out a storage area, I came across the box of cards again,
and decided to toss it out along with other various unusable items.
But, as good fortune would have it, this would not be the case.
Standing at the trash bin, I paused long enough to take a closer
look. It was then that I was shocked to discover that these cards
were actually brief, concise reports of religious debates dating
back to the year 1900. There were more than 1000 of them! For two
decades I had been in the possession of a valuable reserve of
restoration history, and I still shudder to think that it came so
close to being discarded.
Included in these reports are records of some of the early
debates of M. C. Kurfees, W. T. Boaz, N. B. Hardeman, John B.
Hardeman, H. Leo Boles, F. B. Srygley, J. D. Tant, Joe S. Warlick,
S. H. Hall, C. R. Nichol, G. C. Brewer, J. W. Brewer, A. G. Freed,
J. H. Lawson, L. S. White, A. W. Young, W. T. Beasley, J. R.
Bradley, to name only a few. Most of these reports also contain the
names of the men who wrote them men who had attended these
debates and were able to give first-hand information. Some of the
reports were drafted by the men who had conducted or moderated the
The brother who had gathered these reports must have been
quite well known, considering he made contact with these many
different preachers, regarding such a wide variety of debates, and
over so many years. Evidently desiring to keep these reports in a
unified form, he had carefully sorted and copied the contents in
his own handwriting, apparently with some special purpose in mind.
Since a number of the cards have a notation of being
used, I suspected they may have been intended for
publication possibly in the Gospel Advocate. And sure enough,
in checking the microfilms of past Gospel Advocate issues, I found
that some of these reports had indeed been published. For many
years this brother had supplied the Advocate with a number of these
debate reports. Sadly though, all attempts to determine the
identity of this good brother have failed.
As I read through the 1000+ hand-written reports, the
significance of these debates loomed before me. Exploring and
examining these reports was an education in itself, for I
discovered things that had escaped me. I had simply been unaware of
the great number of debates that had actually taken place. And
furthermore, I had not discerned the profound impact they had upon
the spread of the Lords church in the nineteenth and twentieth
These debates were not just occasional, random events springing
up now and then. This had been my own impression, but I was
terribly mistaken. The number of debates held between 1900 and the
1950s was enormous. The one thousand plus debate reports in my
possession represent only a portion of the total number of debates
which actually occurred. And keep in mind that this collection of
reports covers a period of time only back to the year 1900 and does
not include the large number of debates which were conducted during
the last half of the nineteenth century.
THE NATURE AND SUBSTANCE OF THE REPORTS
Many Gospel preachers were said to have conducted dozens of
debates, with some holding as many as fifty or more. It is known
that brother Guy N. Woods participated in at least two hundred
only twenty of which are referenced in this collection. We
may never gain an accurate estimation of the total debates
conducted back into the late 1800s, but suffice it to say, they
numbered into the thousands.
I recently conducted a quick, one-question survey among a
large number of Gospel preachers, asking them how many restoration
debates they believed were held between the years 1900 and 1950.
The average response was about 150. This illustrates just how far
removed we are from comprehending the volume of debates that
actually occurred, and consequently, the important role they played
in the growth of the church.
Debates between brotherhood preachers and men representing
denominational groups were common, especially throughout the
mid-section of the country, with some held as far west as
California and as far north as Canada. In some states there were
but few counties where debates had not taken place. During some
months, upwards of eight to ten debates were being conducted
somewhere. Debates were not occasional or incidental happenings
they were a crucial part of the restoration movement. Because
of them, it is no wonder that thousands of people were being
exposed to Biblical truths they had never before heard.
These one thousand plus debate reports were written as brief
overviews of the debates, rather than as full expositions of the
arguments. However, some are more lengthy. Most reports give the
names of the Gospel preachers, the names of their opponents and
their religious affiliations, the dates the reports were made, and
with few exceptions, the locations of the debates and the names of
those who submitted the reports. Also, several of the debates
pertain to false views held by some within the church, such as:
instrumental music, cooperation in evangelism, orphan homes and
REVIVING THE SPIRIT OF THE DEBATES
Reviewing these reports reveals a number of things that help
explain why the debates played such an extremely important role in
the restoration movement. In addition to showing how widespread the
debates were, notice these important facts as revealed in the
A. The debates were held on a high plane. Though some
today may feel that debating only created hostility and was
unproductive, this was not the case. Time and again, these reports
emphasize that the participants conducted themselves as gentlemen
and that the audiences were well behaved. On rare occasions, any
bitterness or rancor displayed was on the part of those who taught
false doctrines, which served only to hurt their cause. Notice this
unique observation by brother C. R. Nichol, following one of his
debates in 1922: We need more debates. Every member of the
church needs to be indoctrinated; the fundamental principles need
to be grounded in the members. I have never conducted a debate that
did not result in good; and if at the time of the debate there was
not a congregation, one was immediately established in that
B. Gospel preachers did not spend time seeking out
opportunities for debate. Rather, they were sought out to
participate in such discussions. First and foremost they were
Gospel preachers. But when the need arose to defend the truth
against error, they accepted the opportunity. Many times when
congregations of Gods people were challenged by false
teachers, the brethren would contact preachers who they knew could
meet the challenge, inviting them to participate.
C. Preachers considered the debates as pulpits. These
discussions provided them with captive audiences. No matter whom
they were debating, folks from different denominations would be in
attendance. From their pulpit, these men emphasized the
identity of the church, the oneness of the church, and how it was
different from man-made organizations. They carefully exposed the
false ideas of the various denominational groups. Many people were
seeing for the first time what true New Testament Christianity
really was. In a sense, these preachers looked upon the debates as
D. Following many of the debates, the preachers were
often asked to continue teaching. This gave them additional
time to explain to people more about the church. Sometimes the
debates led to Gospel meetings, some of which lasted for days.
Also, many of these debates were reported in newspapers and some
were broadcast by radio. Additionally, following the debates many
home Bible discussions were created, enabling members of the church
to teach their neighbors. Many written discussions were spinoffs of
these debates. All of this led to many hundreds of people being
brought out of their denominational backgrounds and being baptized
E. Considering the widespread nature of these debates and
their overwhelming influence, virtually all members of the
Lords church today, if it were possible, could trace their
spiritual heritage back to one or more of these debates. Though
at first this may seem difficult to acknowledge, there is no doubt
this is an accurate observation. Looking back into restoration
history, the various congregations of the Lords church merge
together, even if only remotely, through these many past debate
F. By the middle of last century these debates were
slowly dying out. Why was this happening? There were two
reasons: 1) Denominational preachers who had debating skills were
passing off the scene, and younger men, unable to defend their
false doctrines in public debate, were not filling the void. 2)
Leaders of denominational churches, after witnessing their
preachers unable to defend their creeds, were ceasing to sponsor
The day of restoration debates has passed. On occasion, debates
still occur, but their influence is limited. We cannot revive the
extensive debating that existed in earlier times, but we can revive
the spirit manifested by our preaching brethren through those
In our pulpits we should duplicate the initiative propagated
by those preaching debaters of the past. We should emphasize what
they emphasized the identity of the one church, its unique
nature, and its pure teachings. We should make it clear that the
church is different from denominational bodies. We should clearly
explain the need for restoring the church to the pattern of the New
This is something sorely lacking in some congregations, and
because of this many of our youth never hear of the oneness of the
Lords church and how different it is from the denominational
world. In some congregations children grow up with the impression
that we are no different from the denominations around us. Why is
this happening? It is because such congregations have lost touch
with the concept of restoring the church. The zeal for explaining
the true nature of the one church, as contrasted with man-made
religions, has departed from their pulpits.
There is a great need for duplicating the spirit and
motivation of those earlier preachers. If we will devote more time
in our pulpits to stressing the unique oneness of the Lords
church and how truly different it is, we can revive the restoration
plea in the hearts of Gods people. We need more preaching like
this! Congregations are more evangelistic when the pulpits keep the
unique identity of the church at the forefront. By frequently
emphasizing how the church is different, our members, and
especially our younger generations, will be filled with more
evangelistic fervor. It is my hope that as brethren are exposed to
the nature and substance of the religious discussions of the past,
more enthusiasm will result for telling lost people about the one
way that leads to eternal life.
After considerable time and with able assistance in
converting these many documents to text, I am pleased to make these
debate reports available online, at
jongarywilliams.com. My hope is that brethren
everywhere, and especially younger preachers, might gain a greater
appreciation for the important role that religious debating played
in the expansion of the Lords church in our recent past.
Table of Contents
GODS INSPIRED WORD
COMPLETE AND SUFFICIENT
Garland M. Robinson
Many preachers and their helpers are sowing
discord, doubt, distrust and gloom concerning
Gods holy book. They dont believe
God can provide the world with His divine
will in a written document that is
infallible. If you dont love the Word,
you dont love God!
Second Timothy 3:16-17, All scripture [is] given by
inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for
reproof, for correction, for instruction in
righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly
furnished unto all good works.
The Divinely Breathed Word of God, the Bible, is profitable
for DOCTRINE (v.16). It is heavens teaching that
reveals what is right and what is wrong what is truth and
what is error. It remains the Truth whether it is read or not,
believed or not, practiced or not. It is the eternal Word and Way
of God. In the Lords prayer, he made a request concerning the
apostles, asking the Father to sanctify them through thy
truth and revealed the fact that Gods word
is truth (John 17:17). It is not a truth or
some truth. It is truth all truth. Jesus
prayer was for the apostles to be sanctified (set apart) from the
world. That would be accomplised by/through Gods word, the
truth. It is by (through) the truth (the Scriptures) that all who
obey the Gospel are likewise sanctified set apart from the
world, being devoted to Gods holy service (cf. Acts 20:32).
The Psalmist said, O how love I thy law! it is my
meditation all the day (Psalm 119:97,113,163,165). So many
do not love the Word of God the Bible! And, if you dont
love the Word, you dont love God! Dear reader, the best advise
I could ever give you is to love the truth. Only the
truth will save you. Jesus said ...to those Jews which
believed on him, IF ye continue in my WORD, THEN are ye my
disciples indeed; And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall
make you free (John 8:31-32). Rejecting the truth will
prevent you from being saved; and, you will die in your sins (John
8:24). Second Thessalonians 2:10 speaks of those who
...received not the love of the truth, that they might be
saved. Why are so many preachers sowing discord, doubt,
distrust and gloom concerning Gods holy book? They are
destroying Gods means of saving man (cf. Rom. 1:16).
Psalm 119:11 says, Thy word have I hid in mine
heart, that I might not sin against thee. Job said,
Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips;
I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary
food (Job 23:12). Why then do so many disregard the
precious Word of God and cast doubt and unbelief upon it? Those who
do so think they are smarter than God. They dont believe God
can provide the world with his divine will in a written document
that is infallible. Theyve studied under perverters of truth
and have swallowed their lies. I sure dont want to be in their
shoes come judgment day!
The Divinely Breathed Word is profitable for REPROOF.
It gives evidence and proof of ones sin, thereby rebuking and
convicting one of sin. It gives warning of ones wicked way.
David spoke of the warning he received from Gods Word.
Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of
them there is great reward (Psalm 19:11). Ezekiel was
commanded to give warning from God unto the people (Ezek. 3:17-21).
Concerning Christ, Paul said, Whom we preach, warning every
man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present
every man perfect in Christ Jesus (Col. 1:28). Gospel
preachers are to Preach the word; be instant in season, out
of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all
longsuffering and doctrine (2 Tim. 4:2).
The philosophy of the modernist/liberal is to approach the
Bible with doubt and skepticism. They determine what they will find
inside before they ever open its pages. They dont want their
wild and reckless ways exposed to the world. They despise being
censored and rebuked. Yet that is the very thing God provides for
all of us. My job, your job, is to warn people of danger, jeopardy,
threat and destruction that looms ahead. No one desires to be taken
by surpise and fall into ruin. Why would those who know of such
peril fail to tell them of it? We must not play shut-
mouth concerning false doctrine. Instead, we need to heed the
words that God told Isaiah, Cry aloud, spare not, lift up
thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression,
and the house of Jacob their sins (Isa. 58:1). I would be
remiss (negligent) if I did not warn of error and those who are
spreading it. For proof of this, read Romans 16:17-18,
...mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to
the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them. For they that
are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and
by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the
simple. I did not write these words and Im not going
to sweep them under the rug and let false doctrine destroy your
soul without warning you!
The Divinely Breathed Word is profitable for
CORRECTION. After being shown what is wrong, being reproved
for our involvement in it, we are not left wondering what to do.
The all inspired infallible Word shows us how to correct our
wickedness. It provides those things necessary to rectifiy,
reform and straighten up ones life.
Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking
heed thereto according to thy word (Psalm
119:9). The Psalmist said, The law of the LORD is
perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is
sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the LORD are
right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is
pure, enlightening the eyes. The fear of the LORD is
clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are
true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they
than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and
the honeycomb (Psalm 19:7-10). Through thy
precepts I get understanding: therefore I hate every false
way (Psa. 119:104). So many want to correct everyone but
themselves. They dont think they need correcting. The precious
word tells us what to do to get right and stay right with God.
Read these warnings of correction from the Old Testament.
My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be
weary of his correction: For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth;
even as a father the son [in whom] he delighteth (Pro.
3:11-12). Correction [is] grievous unto him that forsaketh
the way: [and] he that hateth reproof shall die (Prov.
15:10). O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou
hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed
them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made
their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to
return (Jer. 5:3; cf. 7:28;
The Divinely Breathed Word is profitable for
INSTRUCTION in righteousness. When one obeys the Gospel, he
continues to grow in the Lord by following the instruction of his
Word. His infallible Word is able to finish out, equip fully,
furnish us completely in order that we can be pleasing unto the
Lord. As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the
word, that ye may grow thereby (1 Peter 2:2). Timothy was
instructed by the apostle Paul: Take heed unto thyself, and
unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt
both save thyself, and them that hear thee (1 Tim. 4:16).
But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and
hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them; And
that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are
able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in
Christ Jesus (2 Tim. 3:14-15). Second Peter 1:3-11, gives
instruction in growing unto maturity. For if these things
be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be
barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.
...For if ye do these things, ye shall never fall (2 Peter
No one can read 2 Peter 1:3 and fail to see the revelation
and inspiration of the Holy Scriptures which was provided by
Gods divine power. According as his divine
power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life
and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath
called us to glory and virtue. It is by Gods
divine power that he has provided all
things that pertain unto life and godliness (1 Peter 1:3).
The godhead, He who is divine, deity, the essence of all life (cf.
John 1:3) and sustainer of the universe (cf. Heb. 1:3) has provided
those things necessary for our living on this earth and our
preparation for a home in glory. Only God is able to provide such.
No one else could even attempt to do so.
Paul made it clear that the words he wrote were the words
and commandments of God. And my speech and my preaching was
not with enticing words of mans wisdom, but in demonstration
of the Spirit and of power (1 Cor. 2:4). Now we
have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is
of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us
of God. Which things also we speak, not in the words which
mans wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; com-
paring spiritual things with spiritual (1 Cor. 2:12-13).
If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let
him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the
commandments of the Lord (1 Cor. 14:37). For this
cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received
the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the
word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which
effectually worketh also in you that believe (1 Thess.
Table of Contents
THE PERILS OF TRAVEL IN ANCIENT ROME
The apostle Paul spoke of being:
In journeyings often.... The peace Rome
brutally imposed on the ancient Mediterranean world and the roads
they built to facilitate the movement of their armies made travel
possible, but in 2 Corinthians 11:25-27, Paul describes the perils
of civilian travel in those times.
In perils of waters.... There were rivers
to ford and flooded roads in the lowlands.
In perils of robbers... Travelers would
carry money with them for their journey and highwaymen watched for
the vulnerable along the byways.
In perils by mine own countrymen.... Many
of the Jews hated Paul after his conversion to Christianity and
some of them follow Paul to stir up strife.
In perils by the heathen.... It was the
heathen who had Paul arrested, imprisoned, and beaten. Once they
stoned him and left him for dead.
In perils in the city.... They would often
be at the mercy of strangers and being in unfamiliar surroundings
they would be easy prey for those who would take advantage of them.
In perils in the wilderness.... They would
be far from help in the open land and countryside between the
cities where there was the possibility of encounters with wild
In perils in the sea.... Travel by sea was
the most efficient, but the destinations were limited, and the
uncertainty of the weather made such travel hazardous. Paul said,
Thrice was I shipwrecked. A night and a day I
have spent in the deep. And this was before his ill-fated
voyage to Rome.
In perils among false brethren.... Faithful
preachers who have suffered from the slanders and ill treatment of
false brethren can tell you that these are the most heartbreaking
perils of them all.
In weariness and painfulness.... Walking
those rough roads for hundreds of miles would leave them weary, and
the painfulness would include both the wear on the body and the
suffering of sickness.
In watchings often.... There is a
mental stress of continually being on guard.
In hunger and thirst, in fastings often....
No doubt it was difficult to assure adequate provisions for long
days of physical exertion down long roads.
In cold and nakedness.... Their nakedness
refers to their lack of adequate clothing against the elements,
leaving them rain soaked and exposed to chilling winds.
We are humbled by those who suffered that we might hear the
Gospel. We should remember them with thanksgiving when we are
tempted to whine over our light trials.
647 Finger Bluff Road
Morrison, TN 37357
Table of Contents
Christianity and Islam #7:
The Bible and the Quran differ greatly in their
teaching about women. The Quran reflects the 7th
Century AD culture of Arabia. Its more concerned with setting
forth how men may oppress women and gratify their desires than it
is with teaching how to pray. The New Testament on the other hand,
presents Gods original intentions as seen in the Creation.
The New Testament is unequivocal that men and women stand
equal before God. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is
neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are
all one in Christ Jesus (Gal. 3:28). The apostle Paul
listed various classes of individuals and declared them all equal
in Christ. In the context of Galatians 3, he is
discussing water baptism, noting that immersion into water puts one
into Christ (v.27). Baptized individuals are clothed with
Christ and become heirs according to the promise
(vs.27,29). Paul taught that men and women (of all ethnic
backgrounds and from all socioeconomic levels) have equal access to
the salvation found in Christ.
Jesus lived this principle. He taught women and men, the
poor and the rich, the Gentile and the Jew. He did not embrace the
prejudices of His era (Mark. 5:25-34; Luke 10:38-42). Disregarding
Jewish custom, Jesus welcomed women to learn (Luke 10:38-42). He
addressed women as equals. Jewish men were commonly called
sons of Abraham, but in Luke 13:16, Christ the Lord
described a woman as a daughter of Abraham. When Jesus
taught on marriage and divorce, He went back to creation at the
Garden of Eden (Gen. 2:23-23; Matt. 19:3-9). He did not tolerate
Jewish traditions that granted husbands more rights than wives,
including the ability to divorce for any reason.
Women played a significant role in the earthly ministry of
Jesus. Luke 8 notes that Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna, and many
others provided for Him from their substance (Luke 8:2-3). The Lord
did not draw upon His miraculous power to solve every problem that
arose. His group of disciples needed food, shelter, and other
necessities. These women supplied for those physical needs. Devout
women continued with Jesus through the crucifixion and were the
first to report His resurrection (Luke 23:55-56; 24:1-10).
Although God has assigned different functional roles to men
and women in the church, this divine distinction has nothing to do
with superiority or inferiority. The instructions concerning the
roles of men and women are rooted in the Creation. The Holy Spirit
transcended time and culture to explain Gods original design.
The Lord requires men to hold all leadership roles and for women to
submit themselves (1 Tim 2:8-15). This in no way diminishes the
daughters of God. Looking through his epistles, it is evident that
Paul held numerous Christian women in high regard, praising their
service to the kingdom. In Romans 16, he commended Phoebe,
Priscilla, Mary, Junia, Tryphaena, Tryphosa, Persis, Rufus
mother, Julia, and Nereus sister. Christianity restores
Gods plan for men and women. As such, it uplifts women.
Six hundred years after Christ, Muhammad claimed to receive
altogether different revelations. On the one hand, the
Quran indicates that men and women are equal before
Allah. If any do deeds of righteousness be they male or
female and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the
least injustice will be done to them (Surah 4:124; Surah
3:195, 33:35). However, such passages present only one side of
Muhammad taught that women were inferior to men. In legal
matters, he instructed to get two witnesses out of your own
men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two
women, such as you agree for witnesses, so that if one of them (two
women) errs, the other can remind her (Surah 2:282). Muhammad
further explained this is because of the deficiency of a
womans mind (Bukhari 2658). Regarding divorce, women
shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to
what is equitable; but men have a degree (of advantage) over
them (Surah 2:228). When Muhammad had a vision of Hell, he saw
that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were
women. He explained that women curse frequently and are
ungrateful to [their] husbands...I have not seen anyone more
deficient in intelligence and religion. He blamed a
womans monthly cycle for the deficiency in her
religion (Bukhari 304). Should a Muslim woman manage to enter
Paradise, she can look forward to being part of a harem for all
In marriage, Muslim men are allowed to take up to four women
(Surah 4:24). However, if a man is concerned about accepting such
responsibilities, he can use any of the captive or slave women in
his possession (Surah 4:3). This general rule has two notable
exemptions. Muhammad did not permit the husband of his daughter,
Fatima, to marry a second wife unless he divorced her first
(Bukhari 5230). He shielded his daughter from having to share her
husband. Muhammad gave himself special martial privileges. Surah
33:50 reads, O Prophet! We have made lawful to you your
wives...and those (captives or slaves) whom your right hand
possesses whom Allah has given to you...and a believing woman
if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to
marry her, a privilege for you only, not for the (rest of) the
believers. In other words, Muhammad gave himself permission to
do whatever he wanted.
Muhammad is credited with having eleven wives. One of these
women was named Zainab, the daughter of Muhammads aunt. At the
time she attracted Muhammads interest, she was already married
to his adopted son, Zaid bin Harithah. Fortunately, a new Surah
came down from Allah. After warning it is not for a believer,
man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter
that they should have any option in their decision. Surah
33:36-38, continues to authorize Muhammads marriage to
Zaids wife. There is no blame on the Prophet in that
which Allah has made legal for him. Another of Muhammads
wives was named Aisha. He wrote the (marriage contract) with
Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with
her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine
years (i.e. till his death) (Bukhari 5158). Muhammad was over
the age of fifty at the time. Aisha was the daughter of Abu Bakr,
one of Muhammads most loyal supporters and the first caliph or
leader of the Muslim community after his death. Although Abu Bakr
protested when Muhammad proposed the match, the prophet of Islam
insisted that it is lawful for me to marry Aisha (Bukhari
5081). The Hadith records Aishas own account of the day
she went to live with Muhammad:
My mother, Um Ruman, came to me while I was playing
in a swing with some of my girlfriends. She called
me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to
do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand
at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and
when my breathing became all right, she took some
water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she
took me into the house. There in the house I saw some
Ansari women who said, Best wishes and
Allahs Blessing and a good luck. Then she
entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the
marriage). Unexpectedly Allahs Apostle came to
me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to
him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of
age (Bukhari 3894).
What a heartbreaking picture she paints of leaving the
playground to satisfy the carnality of the prophet. The
Hadith records Aishas recognition of the status of
women in Islam. She informed Muhammad You have made [women]
equal to the dogs and the donkeys (Muslim 512). Aisha equated
Muslim women with animals, nothing but property for the use and the
abuse of Muslim men. Surah 65:4 allows Muslim men to marry
prepubescent girls. The example of Muhammad has given license to
the vilest of predators down to the modern era. Child marriages are
common across the Muslim world. For example, in the aftermath of
the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the new theocracy lowered the legal
marriage age to nine.
In the home, the Quran gives the husband
dominion over his wife. Comparing the wife to a field, the husband
is instructed to approach your tilth when or how ye will
(Surah 2:223). The Bible teaches mutual respect and consideration
in 1 Corinthians 7:3-5. Men are the protectors and maintainers
of women, because Allah has made one of them [the man] to excel the
other [the woman]. Righteous women are described as
devoutly obedient (to Allah and to their husbands).
Husbands who see ill-conduct in their wives are
instructed to admonish them, send them to separate beds,
and beat them (Surah 4:34). This surah authorizes spousal
abuse. In the Hadith, a Muslim woman came to Aisha to show
her the bruises inflicted by her husband. Aisha informed Muhammad
I have not seen any woman suffering as much as the believing
women. Pointing to the bruised woman, Aisha continued
Look! Her skin is greener than her clothes (Bukhari
5825). Muhammad himself struck Aisha on the chest causing
her pain (Muslim 2127). It should be noted that the
prophet did place a limit on wife-beating none of you should
flog his wife as he flogs a slave (Bukhari 5204).
The teachings of the Quran and the Hadith
codify 7th Century AD Arabian culture. This is why women are
mistreated and oppressed in nations where Islam is dominant. The
contrast between the religion (Islam) that gratifies carnal men and
the religion (Christ) that pleases God is obvious and striking.
From pure motivations, Jesus invited the little children to come to
Him to receive blessings. He enjoyed being in the presence of
innocent souls that have yet to be marred by sin (Matt. 19:13-15).
Muhammad invited a little child to come to him for altogether
Although this study is necessary in order to understand the
truth about Muhammad and Islam, an apology of sorts is in order to
readers. For it is shameful even to speak of those things
which are done by them in secret (Eph. 5:12).
152 E Riverside Dr.
Timberville, VA 22853
Table of Contents
We would like to receive Seek The Old Paths. I
have read several articles and really enjoy them. God bless you for
your work. Thanks ...Jerry & Alice Pennington, Russelville,
AL. Please send 10 copies of your publication. Praise God
for your conviction and your diligence ...Anthony Flunder,
20th & Birch Church of Christ, Lubbock, TX. Thank you
...Don Stringer, Mesquite, TX. Look forward to
Seek The Old Paths each month. It strengthens my
faith. God bless those who donate to keep printing and mailing.
Thank you for STOP ...Lorene Wilson, Binger, OK.
Please remove name and address from snail mail and add to
electronic. Thanks ...John Priola, Alabaster, AL.
I would like to be added to your mailing list please. I picked
up a copy of Seek The Old Paths recently and thought,
boy, what timely topics you cover! My family left a congregation
after years of membership. They had added an instrumental service,
were open to new interpretations of homosexuality, and endorsed
female preaching. The progressive movement gets in slowly. In our
case, we started noticing the sermons were on the social gospel,
nothing on holy living. I wish we had been subscribed earlier.
Thank you ...name withheld by request. Please put
us on your mailing list ...Defiance Church of Christ,
Defiance, OH. Please change my address for your mailings
to me. Thank you ...Ron Milliner, Avon, IN.
Kimberly Ann Mowbray Garcia Banuelos has passed away
...Danville, VA. I have been receiving this publication
for some time now. I find it very informative, spiritual teaching
concerning Christians and the Lords church. I would like to
add my friend to the mailing list. I have been sending her some of
mine when she asks questions on certain topics. She loves it. It
has really enlightened me on many subjects. Thank you and keep
blessing us with the Word of Truth ...March Childs, Pine
Bluff, AR. Brother Garland, I deeply appreciate your stand
for the truth and your wonderful publication. Keep up the good work
and may God continue to bless your efforts in his kingdom
...Mike Jones, Evergreen, AL. Please remove me from
your mailing list. I would appreciate it. Thank you
...George L. Teel, Paducah, KY. I appreciate every
copy. Thank you very much. Its heaven sent for me. It truly
helps keep me going. Thank you all for doing such a good job
spreading the good news of our Lord and Savior. God bless you
all ...James T. Erwin, Jr., Southbay, FL.
Thanks ...Nancy Shultice, Batesville, MS.
Billy Maloney has passed away ...Marshall, TX.
Please remove me from your Seek The Old Paths
mailing list. Thank you ...Donna Ribardi, Morgan City,
LA. Thank you ...Cecil Everson, Alliance, OH.
Thanks, brother Garland, for your good work. It is great that
you included an article from brother Vernon Joines. Though no
longer being with us, his great teaching continues through the
printed page as well as the online page ...Jason Gann,
McMinnville, TN. Hope things are going well with you and
yours. I have been receiving the paper for a number of years and
enjoy all of them very much. Thanks very much for every thing
...Rabon McCormack, Scottsboro, AL. I am writing you to
see if I can be put back on your mailing list to receive Seek
The Old Paths. I enjoy reading it because it is sound
doctrine from the Word of God. I truly want to receive STOP. May
God bless you ...Ryan Leatherman, Huntsville, TX.
Please remove me from the mailing list. I would appreciate it.
Thank you ...George Teel, Paducah, KY. The recent
articles on Post-modernism and Christianity & Islam have been
excellent and proven both informative and useful words fitly spoken
at just the right time. Thank you ..Paul Mash, Enoree,
SC. I pick up Seek The Old Paths at church
and enjoy it so much. Thank you ...Name withheld by
request. I do enjoy the publication. I wanted to thank you
for all your efforts in printing the truth ...Ken Lynch,
Rockford, IL. We appreciate your publication very much but
all of our members who read it are now reading it online so it will
no longer be necessary for you to send us copies. This will reduce
that expense and we can still be blessed with your publication.
Thank you very much and may God bless your work ...Dwayne
Spradlin, Poolville C/C, Poolville, TX. Your words of
truth have been a great inspiration to us here. Keep up the good
work ...James Vaughn for the Saratoga C/C, Saratoga,
AR. I enjoy Seek The Old Paths for its
truthfulness ...Geneva Stark, Wilburton, OK. I
would like to subscribe to your paper. My mother always got the
paper and she saved it for me. Thank you ...Laura Owens,
Memphis, TN. This check is to help with expenses of
publishing Seek The Old Paths. I really appreciate
these publications and look forward to them each month
...Paul Spears, Ruston, LA. I am very grateful to all
who work on STOP. There is a beautiful verse in the small book of
Philemon that describes what you all do. In verse 7, Paul makes a
strong point of praise to Philemon the hearts of the
saints have been refreshed by you. I feel the same about your
publication ...Tara Connolly, Roswell, GA.
Thanks ...John Taber, Bryson City, NC. Thank
you for sending Seek The Old Paths each month. We are
grateful that your publication takes a strong stand for truth in
these challenging times! ...Broadway C/C, Rockford, IL.
To Garland Robinson and the faithful brethren at Leoni, thank
you for your stand for the truth (John 17:17) ...Terry
Shanks, Stanton, TX.
Table of Contents
Bound Volumes (with a complete index) for the years
1995-2002 can be ordered from:
Old Paths Publishing
2007 Francis Ferry Rd.
McMinnville, TN 37110
$5 postage paid
Bible Page |
Seek The Old Paths |
Leoni Church of